image captionSchool’s out. What next?
With schools once again closing their doors to most pupils, parents, many juggling work and childcare, are having to step in to fill the gap.
Will schools provide resources?
If your child’s school already puts work online, via Google Classroom, for example, this will probably continue.
But these sort of tools tend to be used more by secondary schools than primaries.
So older pupils are more likely to be in the routine of checking their school’s chosen platform and completing work.
And they are more likely to have their own laptops.
Some schools are asking older children to follow their existing timetables, with some active lessons, involving Google Hangouts and virtual classrooms, and some passive ones, in which children work independently.
And depending on the individual school, there will probably be a system to allow children to submit work and have it marked.
What resources are there online?
image captionClassrooms may be empty but learning can continue, experts say
Many schools are also providing lists of resources on a range of topics, to help parents navigate this difficult time, such as:
- YouTube’s Free School - videos on subjects as diverse as the US constitution, coral reefs and the solar system
Should we cover the curriculum?
Many schools already pay for online resources, so it is worth checking which ones you can access, as these will follow the curriculum.
About half of UK schools use sites such as MathsWatch, for example, which caters for children from Year 4 up to A-level.
BBC Bitesize has lots of content divided into subject and age categories, with much new material added since March.
- primary-school programming, including BBC Live Lessons and BBC Bitesize Daily, from 09:00 to 12:00 on CBBC
- at least two hours of programming to support the GCSE curriculum on BBC Two
The government, meanwhile, unlike during the first national lockdown, will expect schools to deliver their own online learning.
If parents have any concerns about their child’s education, the government says they should raise it with a teacher in the first instance. If the matter is still not resolved, parents can contact the schools watchdog, Ofsted.
How should we structure the day?
image captionThe key will be to establish a routine and make sure there are fun things to do too
Little and often is the advice from MathsWatch co-founder Ken Smith, a teacher for 34 years.
“Even an hour’s lesson at school is broken down by teachers,” he says.
“And parents need to do the same.
“It is much better to do a little bit every day.”
But like the school day, it is important to establish a routine, says Sarah Dove, a teacher who works online with children who cannot attend school.
“The key is finding out what works for you as a family but have a delineation between home life and school,” she says.
“Don’t spend all day in pyjamas.
“Come together for a mindfulness session rather than an assembly and do topic-based work too.”
Even at school, children are not working from 09:00 to 15:00, Ms Wespieser says.
So expecting them “to sit at the table with paper and pen” all day is unrealistic.
But it is important parents think about themselves as well.
“One of the biggest challenges parents have reported to us is balancing their own work with school work,” she says.
“And employers may be a bit less sympathetic this time.
“Parents need to look after their own wellbeing and take the time to find what works for you.
“And schools should be giving a lot more advice.”
What about devices and data?
image captionIt is important for children of all ages to get away from screens and grab some fresh air
In the last lockdown, there were concerns about a digital divide between affluent families with access to laptops and those who did not have devices and may have struggled to get their children online at all.
Add to that the cost of broadband and the fact some parts of the country still don’t have access to decent internet speeds, and home-schooling could be a nightmare for many families.
The government delivered more than 560,000 devices to schools and councils in England between March and December and has promised another 100,000 by the end of this week.
Unions have asked for this effort to be stepped up “urgently”, while others have called for data costs on educational apps and websites to be deducted from broadband charges.
Education Secretary Gavin Williamson said that the government is working with mobile phone operators to provide free data for key educational sites, as well as delivering 4G routers to families who need internet access.