Presenter Tucker Carlson accused Dwight Evans of boycotting Friday’s historic event without actually reading Mr Trump’s 10-point plan for improving the lives of black Americans.
Mr Evans is among a group of more than 60 Democratic congressmen who have decided against attending the inauguration.
He told Fox News that he wasn’t attending the ceremony because of Mr Trump’s treatment of Mr Lewis.
President-elect Trump blasted Mr Lewis earlier this week, saying the Georgia congressman had been “caught” in a lie about his history of inauguration boycotts.
Mr Lewis claimed skipping the property mogul’s swearing-in would be a first for him, but it was later discovered he had also refused to attend George W. Bush's inauguration in 2001.
A Fox News presenter clashed with a Democrat over his anti-Trump views
Wait, wait, wait. What do you mean – you have not seen it?
Mr Evans, highlighting that he serves a majority black district, insisted it wouldn’t be right for him to attend the Washington event on Friday, but Carlson fired back asking him what he thought of Donald Trump’s “New Deal for Black America”.
The Democrat responded: “I haven’t really seen it but I’d be open to seeing exactly what he’s talking about.”
His words prompted a backlash from Carlson. “Wait, wait, wait. What do you mean – you have not seen it?" he said.
“The man who is about to become president on Friday released a 10-point plan for majority black districts and you haven’t seen it?
Police are expecting around 900,000 spectators as Mr Trump is sworn in
Get Quotes on Home Insurance
“Why wouldn’t you have seen it – you represent a majority black district? He has a very specific plan for black America, don’t you think you should have read that?”
After a short period of angry back-and-forth, the Pennsylvania lawmaker said the document had not been sent to him.
“It’s on the internet! You may not agree with it but why wouldn’t you make an effort to find out what he is saying?” Carlson asked again.
The build-up to Mr Trump’s inauguration is set to be disrupted by dozens of protests and rallies scheduled to take place across the United States.
Groups of anti-Trump activists have received permits to protest before, during and after the ceremony, which sees the billionaire mogul sworn in as the 45th US president.
Trump tweets his way through Presidency
Mon, January 9, 2017
Express reports Donald Trump's tweets since elected as President of the United States.
1 of 20
The Disrupt J20 protest group have unveiled plans to send groups of demonstrators to the National Mall where hundreds of thousands of people are expected to gather to watch the ceremony on the steps of the US Capitol.
Samantha Miller, a Disrupt J20 organiser, said: "We believe that it’s our role and the role of any people with conscience to try to disrupt this inauguration and have a massive showing of resistance on that day.”
She added that they will send groups of about 100 protesters to block each of the dozen security checkpoints for people entering the festivities.
The US Secret Service and Washington police are expecting some 900,000 people to pack into the area between the Capitol and White house and will have thousands of uniformed officers on site.