Sheila Szmerekova, 24, from the central Slovakian city of Ruzomberok, was arrested and taken into preventative custody.
Police claim the mum-of-one stood in front of the Slovakian national flag with the Muslim holy book which she insults, before peeing on it and then setting it alight.
She was said to have posted the controversial video online but the clip has since been removed.
A Special Court in Banska Bystrica ruled after a two-hour-long hearing that the woman was to be taken into custody to prevent her from committing any crimes while she awaits trial.
She is accused of creating extremist promotional materials, defamation of a nation and race and incitement of national, racial or ethnic hatred.
The young woman covered her face with a piece of paper outside court and did not speak to media.
According to a spokeswoman of the general prosecutor's office Andrea Predajnova, the video was shared online in December 2016.
Sheila Szmerekova filmed herself urinating on the Quran before burning it
A police spokeswoman said: "In the video she shows a book with the title The Quran and she repeatedly said that it was the Quran."
"She tore out the pages and threw them on the ground. She urinated on the pages and wiped herself with some, and then she set them on fire."
Ms Szmerekova also verbally attacked Muslims in the video.
She said: "I will hunt you all step by step. No matter if it is a woman, a child or a man. I will bump off anybody who gets in my way.
She set the Muslim holy book on fire in the video clip posted online
"I do not care about the criminal complaints. It will not stop me. I have a message for everybody, including the police – nobody will stop me."
Her social media profile was said to contain many extremist opinions and hatred against Muslims. The young woman was told she faces up to six years in prison.
Her mother Olga told Slovak media that her daughter had been behaving badly since suffering a sexual assault as a teenager.
She threatened to kill all Muslims and could face up to six years in prison
Olga told Slovak media: "Romani gypsies raped her where she was 14. It was said to me that there were 14 of them. Since then she has acted like this."
Ms Szmerekova spent a few months in a psychiatric ward and at a youth detention centre.
The offender is also a mum to a seven-year-old son called Tobias.
Her son was taken away from her because she “drank too much and did not take care of the boy”, according to local media.
- Sanders: Trump's Immigration policy is "Anti-Muslim"
- Ruud Koopmans: 40-45% of all muslims are fundamentalists
- Muslim woman told to 'go home' in shocking rant
- Apartheid in Blackburn: How political correctness killed integration
- Islamic school closed down for teaching too much from the Koran
- Muslim group to SUE Germany over free Quran ban
- Teacher brutally BEATS student during Koran lesson at Islamic school