Mike Pence will become the vice president of the US today
Who is Mike Pence?
Mike Pence, 57, is the soon-to-be 48th vice president of the US and was Donald Trump’s running mate in the 2016 US election.
He was until recently the governor of his home state Indiana, an office he held for four years.
Mr Pence spent his final night before being sworn in attending the inaugural ball of his replacement, the new Governor Eric Holcomb.
Speaking at the event, he admitted that leaving Indiana for Washington “is a bittersweet moment”.
He joked about moving his family’s two cats and pet rabbit, Marlon Bundo, to the capital, and said: “We're going to work our hearts out and bring Indiana's example and common sense to Washington.”
After the ball, he tweeted: “So very proud of my wife, Karen. She was an amazing First Lady of Indiana & will make a great Second Lady of the US.”
Mr Pence married his wife in 1985. The couple have three children: Michael, 24, a Marine Corps officer; Charlotte, 23, a film-maker and Audrey, 21, a “socially liberal” budding journalist.
Before being elected as governor, Mr Pence served six terms as a congressman.
He graduated from the state’s Hanover College in 1981 and received a law degree from the Indiana University McKinney School of Law in 1986.
Mr Pence will be the 47th vice president
What does Mike Pence stand for?
Mr Pence’s Evangelical Christian faith influences most of his political beliefs.
During a debate last year, he said: “For me, my faith informs my life. I try and spend a little time on my knees every day.
“But it all for me begins with cherishing the dignity, the worth, the value of every human life.”
He is vehemently anti-abortion and has been labelled “potentially the greatest threat to women's reproductive rights in a generation” by women’s rights campaigners.
He has threatened to overturn a landmark abortion ruling, saying: “I’m pro-life and I don't apologise for it. We'll see Roe v Wade consigned to the ash heap of history where it belongs.”
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Mr Pence has also come under criticism for his stance on LGBT rights.
In 2015 he backed the Religious Freedom Restoration Act which sought to give business owners more “religious liberty” but was condemned as an attempt to validate discrimination in the name of faith.
The act was watered down before it was signed into law.
In 2006 Mr Pence supported a constitutional amendment to ban equal marriage, and in 2002 he voted in favour of the Iraq war.
Financially, he has garnered a reputation for being a fiscal conservative and ushered in swathes of spending cuts during his time as governor.
Mr Pence was formerly the Governor of Indiana
When will Mike Pence be inaugurated?
Mr Pence will take the Oath of Office on the steps of the Capitol building in Washington, shortly before Mr Trump is sworn in as the 45th US president at 5pm GMT today.
He will swear on Ronald Reagen’s family bible – marking the first time a person other than the late president has used this particular book.
Many have said that Mr Pence could become the most powerful VP ever
What does a vice president do?
The role of vice president is ill-defined. Constitutionally the only requirement is that he takes over the president’s duties should he die or be unable to serve, making him “a heartbeat away from the presidency”.
The VP also serves as leader of the Senate. His role will be limited to casting a deciding vote in the case of a tie and presiding over the electoral college count after the 2020 election.
Each vice president has made the role their own. The outgoing VP Joe Biden has wielded a heavy influence during his time in the Obama administration, and has been labelled one of the most powerful vice presidents ever.
Some have predicted that Mr Pence, who has far more political experience than Mr Trump, could become even more powerful and play a major part in policy-making over the next four years.