Justin Welby, 61, said while Christianity contained “enormous heroism and beauty” it also had a “dark side” in its past.
Throughout history religious scriptures have “been twisted and misused” to justify hates of violence, he said, adding: “We have got to say that if something happens within our own faith tradition we need to take responsibility for countering that.”
Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme, he said it was wrong to say terrorism is nothing to do with Islam but added: “I don’t think it is getting us anywhere more than if we said Srebrenica had nothing to do with Christianity. I think we need to say we have to take responsibility.”
Justin Welby (C) has said that Christianity has its own dark side in the past
About 8,000 Muslim men and boys were slaughtered at the hands of a Bosnian Serb army, who were from an orthodox Christian background, in the the Srebrenica massacre in July 1995.
International courts defined the events as a genocide with the intent to exterminate the Muslim Bosniak population.
Right Rev Welby also attacked some of the people involved with tackling the terrorist threat.
Sadiq Khan leads sombre vigil for London terror victims Tue, June 6, 2017
London Mayor Sadiq Khan lead a vigil to commemorate the victims of the London Bridge terror attack. Hundreds attended the event outside London's City Hall
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London Mayor Sadiq Khan bows his head
We have got to say that if something happens within our own faith tradition we need to take responsibility for countering that
Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby
He said: “They often don't understand the very basic doctrines of the faith they're dealing with,” and so could not put themselves “in the shoes of religious believers.”
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He added: “From an outside perspective, one of the issues about dealing with Islam is that there is not much of a structure.
“There isn't a pope or a bishop that you can go to and say these are the leaders.
The Archbishop of Canterbury has hit out at some of those involved in combating terrorism
“There will always be particular groups which take views that are different from the mainstream but what is clear over the weekend is the extraordinary level of condemnation by every significant Muslim leader we know and every significant Muslim body we know.”
His comments echo statements he made last year during a lecture at the Catholic Institute of Paris while accepting an honorary doctorate.
He called on Europe to look to the "Judeo-Christian roots" of their culture to find solutions to the mass disenchantment which he says has led to the rise of extremism and hate groups.
Justin Welby (L) attends the vigil for the victims of the London Bridge terror attack
He said: “In order to understand, religious people in Europe must regain the ability to share our religious vocabulary with the rest of the continent.
“If we treat religiously motivated violence solely as a security issue, or a political issue, then it will be incredibly difficult – probably impossible – to overcome it.”