A new periodic table tells of all the elements origins since the Big Bang
Ohio State University astronomer Jennifer A Johnson has given a creative twist to the periodic table by highlighting the origin of each element.
The average person is made up of around seven octillion – or to put that as a number, 7,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 – atoms, most of which are hydrogen.
Hydrogen, the most common element in the universe, was produced by the Big Bang 13.4 billion years ago.
The other elements, according to Ms Johnson’s table were made from processes including merging neuron stars, how Francium was made, exploding mass stars, how neon was created, and dying low mass stars, which created elements such as strontium.
Jennifer Johnson's updated periodic table
Ms Johnson said that the project was born from frustration.
She wrote in a blogpost for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey: "This is what happens when you give two astronomers, who are tired of reminding everyone about which elements go with which process [on] a periodic table, a set of markers, and time when they should have been listening to talks.”
However, as you can see from the table, several elements have been left off the list from the bottom section.
Jennifer Johnson's original creation
Ms Johnson explained: "Tc, Pm, and the elements beyond U do not have long-lived or stable isotopes.
“I have ignored the elements beyond U in this plot, but not including Tc and Pm looked weird, so I have included them in grey.”
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A similar project was uploaded to Wikipedia, but Ms Johnson said that some of the information on that table is incorrect.
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She wrote: "High-mass stars end their lives (at least some of the time) as core-collapse supernovae. Low-mass stars usually end their lives as white dwarfs.
"But sometimes, white dwarfs that are in binary systems with another star get enough mass from the companion to become unstable and explode as so-called Type-Ia supernovae.
“Which 'supernova' is being referred to in the Wikipedia graphic is not clear.
Ms Johnson says that the Wikipedia version is incorrect
“The information for Li is incorrect. [The isotope] Li is indeed made by cosmic rays hitting other nuclei and breaking them apart.
“But most of the far more common Li isotope is without question made in low-mass stars and spewed out into the Universe as the star dies. Some Li is also made in the Big Bang, and a small fraction by cosmic ray fission."