Tanks were used in Liverpool to control rioting by trade unions and communists
In other images the towering HMS Valiant – one of the most formidable battleships of its time – can be seen moored in the Mersey, Liverpool, as-well-as newly invented tanks on the streets deployed against British trade unionist and Communist crowds.
The black and white images transport us back in time to when post-First World War fury sparked revolution across Britain, which saw up to half-a-million workers striking at any given time, and because police were also on strike at times, the Armed Forces had to be bought in to restore order.
It is not known how many people died as a result of the fighting.
The book is entitled 1919 Britain’s Year of Revolution by Simon Webb, and is published by Pen and Sword History.
“1919 was a year of revolution across much of Europe and this spread to Britain,” said author Mr Webb.
“The First World War had just ended and both Russia and Germany had seen their governments overthrown in revolutions.
In 1919 the sense of revolution spread from Europe to Britain
“The basic premise of [the book] is that social unrest combined with army mutinies and widespread strikes, meant there was a real danger that law and order would break down completely.
1919 was a year of revolution across much of Europe and this spread to Britain
Author, Simon Webb
“It had in other European countries at that time.”
In August 1919, under the British government’s orders, the HMS Valiant and two other battleships were ordered to dock in Liverpool and be prepared to open fire if necessary.
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The people of this working-class city were violently protesting and the army had been unable to take back control on the streets.
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“Some trade unions were hoping to bring about a communist revolution,” Simon said.
“Thousands of troops, backed by tanks, were brought into the city to deal with strikes and rioting.
“Three warships were moored off the city with their guns trained on the centre of Liverpool.
Some British trade unions wanted to see communism in the United Kingdom
“Order was restored by bayonet charges and when that failed, soldiers opened fire on the crowds killing several people.”
Across Britain the riots caused devastation. In Luton, the town hall was burned down before troops were able to regain control.
In Epsom, Sergeant Thomas Green was killed becoming the first police officer to be killed in a riot in the 20th Century.
The Armed Forces has to deal with a lot of protests due to police strike action
“The riots in 1919 were fiercer than anything seen since,” Mr Webb said.
“There are many interesting parallels to be found in modern Britain. For example, worries about disorder and terrorism.
“Troops have been used on the streets in recent years to suppress disorder and could easily be used in this way again.”
‘1919 Britain’s Year of Revolution’ by Simon Webb is available to buy from Amazon for £19.99