Doctor and suffragist Elsie Inglis is in the running to become the first women to join
For more than 130 years, the hall at the National Wallace Monument in Stirling has celebrated some of the great Scotsmen of science and engineering, religion, politics and the arts.
Sir William Wallace, King Robert the Bruce, writer Sir Walter Scott and economist Adam Smith are among those to appear in the marble collection of greats.
But now, for the first time, Scots are being asked to vote for a heroine to be added to the gallery of heroes.
A panel of experts considered more than 200 suggestions to create a shortlist recognising the achievements of 14 remarkable women who have shaped Scotland in the areas of arts, culture, sport, medicine, science, engineering and public life.
The final shortlist includes 19th century Gaelic poet M=E0iri Mh=F2r nan =D3ran, Glasgow artist Margaret Macdonald Mackintosh, champion swimmer Nancy Riach, doctor and suffragist Elsie Inglis, medical pioneer Sophia Jex Blake, marine engineer Victoria Drummond, 'Queen of Science' Mary Somerville and missionaries Jane Haining and Mary Slessor.
Musician Jean Redpath is another on the list of possible additions
The list is completed by racing driver and engineer Doroth=E9e Pullinger, folk singer and musician Jean Redpath, Scotland's first female archaeologist, Christian Maclagan, the country's first female science graduate, Chrystal Macmillan, and Maggie Keswick Jencks, the co-founder of Maggie's Centres.
Surprisingly, St Margaret of Scotland, Mary Queen of Scots and Jacobite heroine Flora Macdonald failed to make the list.
Missionary Mary Slessor could enter Scotland's Hall of Heroes
Panel member Zillah Jamieson, chair of Stirling District Tourism, the body that looks after the monument, said: "These historic figures have been chosen because they have shaped Scotland's history and surprised, delighted and inspired generation after generation with their determination, fortitude and spirit – the very values which William Wallace stood for."
The National Wallace Monument was built on Stirling's Abbey Craig in 1869 to commemorate the 13th century Scottish patriot.
Only men were allowed to climb the tower, with women expected to venture no further than the tea room. Later, when the Hall of Heroes was created, Victorian culture was reflected in that all chosen were male.
The last addition was physicist Sir David Brewster, whose bust was installed in 1907. Go to www.nationalwallacemonument.com/scotlands-heroines/cast-your-vote to take part. The selection will be announced in April.