Scottish labour left-wingers defied leader Kezia Dugdale to unite with Tories in Brexit vote
Left-wingers Neil Findlay, Elaine Smith and Richard Leonard defied leader Kezia Dugdale to unite with Tories in the symbolic Holyrood ballot.
SNP Brexit Minister Mike Russell insisted even though non-binding it sent a clear message that the Scottish Parliament was against leaving the EU's single market.
Earlier, during a heated debate Mr Russell claimed Theresa May's plans for a "hard Brexit" will lead to a "hard Britain".
But the SNP was accused of hijacking last June's referendum to "manufacture a grievance" while making "weekly threats" about another independence referendum.
The reality is that out there in our country, people are divided on our future relations with the EU
Neil Findlay – Labour
First Minister Nicola Sturgeon also faced derision over her claim the motion – which the UK Government has no duty to take into account – "one of the most significant votes in the history of the Scottish Parliament"..
Last week she abandoned plans to table a legislative consent motion (LCM) over Article 50, the formal device used for Holyrood to give permission for Westminster to legislate in devolved areas.
And yesterday the SNP leader was mocked by opponents after leaving the debating chamber for much of the discussion before returning for the vote.
SNP Brexit Minister Mike Russell claimed Theresa May's 'hard Brexit' will lead to a 'hard Britain'
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Continued cooperation with the EU to tackle terrorism and international crime.
Mr Findlay quipped "can we send out the sheepdogs to find the First Minister?".
Tory MSP Douglas Ross also provoked laughter when he declared: "To say that this non-binding vote on Article 50 would be one of the most significant we have taken in this Scottish Parliament is complete rubbish.
"And given the fact the First Minister walked out this chamber after one speech I hate to think what her commitment would be if it is was a less significant issue."
International relations remain reserved to Westminster and the Supreme Court last month ruled that the UK Government is "not legally compelled" to consult MSPs on its plans.
But the Scottish Government held a debate as it builds ammunition for a constitutional showdown over demands for a bespoke Brexit deal.
Another round of cross-Border talks are due to take place at the Joint Ministerial Committee (JMC) in London today.
MSPs voted 90 to 34 in favour of a government motion, amended by the pro-independence Greens, stating the European Union (Notification of Withdrawal) Bill should not proceed.
The SNP joined together with most Labour MSPs, the Greens and the Liberal Democrats.
Nicola Sturgeon was mocked by opponents after leaving the debate for much of the discussion
Ms Dugdale put herself on collision course with UK Labour leader by ordering her MSPs to vote against starting of the Brexit process.
The vote was whipped but it is understood none of the rebels will face disciplinary action.
Although 62 per cent of Scots backed the Remain, Mr Findlay warned against moves to "ignore" the result of the UK-wide referendum.
He said: "Politics and democracy across the world is in a very fragile state and I think we enter into very treacherous waters indeed if we say to the people we're going to change the rules after the match has finished and your vote does not matter and we're going to ignore it.
"The reality is that out there in our country, people are divided on our future relations with the EU. Scotland did not speak with one voice in the referendum."
Ms Smith, the only Scottish Labour MSP to previously publiclly back quitting the EU, said: "Who is speaking for the 40 per cent of Scots who voted Leave and undoubtedly expected that the result eight months ago should now proceed?"
The Supreme Court last month ruled that the UK Government is 'not legally compelled' to consult MSPs
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Nicola Sturgeon, Leader of Scottish National Party and First Minister of Scotland
Tory MSP Ross Thomson also warned 1,018,322 voters were being "airbrushed out of the picture altogether".
Hitting out at the SNP's claims of an "historic" debate Conservative deputy leader Jackson Carlaw said: "Instead from the SNP this afternoon we have had an extended tantrum, chasing a grievance to justify all over again a further independence referendum and all of this because it disguises the abject failure of this Scottish Government on the responsibilities over which it has control."
But Mr Russell said the vote had sent "a clear message to the rest of the UK and Europe – we oppose a catastrophic hard Brexit that dumps Scotland outside of the single market against its wishes".
He also insisted the UK Government had failed to offer "a single compromise" or "view" on the SNP's plans to stay in the single market.
He added: "Today's vote is therefore a key test of whether Scotland's voice is being listened to and whether our wishes can be accommodated within the UK process.
"There is still time for the UK Government to recognise the existence and importance of devolution, the views of this Parliament and the clear, democratically expressed voice of the people of this country – but that time is running out."