The average Scottish male is expected to live 77.1 years at birth and the typical woman 81.1 years, compared to 79.4 years and 83.1 years in England respectively, new figures revealed.
Scotland also lags behind the UK average, which sees men expected to live 79.1 years and women 82.8 years.
The worrying findings, which triggered a concerned response from opposition politicians, emerged in a raft of reports from the Information Services Division of NHS Scotland today.
It is revealed that Scotland has the lowest life expectancy in the UK
Scottish Labour’s health spokesman, Anas Sarwar, said: “These figures show that Scotland yet again has the lowest life-expectancy in the UK.
“This must be a wake-up call for the SNP to redouble its efforts to tackle poverty. How long you live should not be determined by the postcode you are born in.
“Poverty traps too many too early and remains too persistent to be tolerated in a country that aspires to brighter, healthier and fairer.”
Those statistics came to light as a separate report revealed that Scots living in deprived communities are more likely to die from a stroke or coronary heart disease.
On average, women outlive men in Scotland by four years
Overall, mortality rates for both heart disease and strokes in Scotland have fallen by almost two-fifths over a decade.
These figures show that Scotland yet again has the lowest life-expectancy in the UK
Anas Sarwar, Scottish Labour
However, despite the positive news, the drops in the poorer parts of Scotland were not as large as they were in more affluent areas.
Death rates from coronary heart disease in the least-deprived areas fell by 38.5 per cent over the ten-year period compared to a drop of 31.3 per cent in the most-deprived areas.
For cerebrovascular disease – which develops as a result of problems with blood vessels in the brain and can cause strokes or other health conditions – the most-deprived areas saw a 24 per cent reduction in mortality rates, compared to 33.4 per cent in the least-deprived areas – with the report saying this “implies a slight widening of relative inequalities”.
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Scottish Labour’s inequalities spokeswoman Monica Lennon said: “These figures reveal that the SNP is letting down people living in our most deprived communities.
“An overall decline in the mortality rate for coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease is of course welcome.
“But it is nothing short of a disgrace that, in the 21st century, the richest people in Scotland are still considerably more likely to survive a potentially-fatal disease than the poor.
Scottish Liberal Democrat health spokesman Alex Cole Hamilton also slammed the “huge deprivation divide”, adding: “These statistics show those from the poorest backgrounds are around twice as likely to die from coronary heart disease as the most well-off.
Anas Sarwar, of Scotland's Labour, said this must be a wake-up call for the SNP
"SNP ministers can’t allow complacency to undermine efforts to tackle the factors that underpin these conditions, such as smoking, a lack of exercise and poor diets.”
Overall, coronary heart disease claimed the lives of 7,142 people in 2015 while cerebrovascular disease was the underlying cause in 4,310 deaths.
Deaths from heart disease fell by 37.6 per cent between 2006 and 2015 and from cerebrovascular disease by 33.5 per cent over the same period.