Opposition parties have criticised the Scottish government after an official report revealed a decline in the exam performance of school pupils.
The analysis was posted on the government’s website at 20:00 on Thursday.
It reveals the number of students achieving passes in core Higher subjects dropped significantly in 2019, in some cases by as much as 10%.
The Conservatives said there were “clearly major problems” in education.
Education Secretary John Swinney said the government “regularly monitors and analyses performance to inform decision-making”.
‘Snide and cynical’
The report was published by the Scottish government following a Freedom of Information request by a lecturer and former school teacher.
The timing of its release has led to ministers being accused of a “snide and cynical” attempt to avoid scrutiny of its record on education.
Opposition parties said the figures highlighted a “worrying decline” in pupils’ exam performance.
Scottish Conservative education spokesman Jamie Greene said: “This is a snide and cynical move by an SNP government which is increasingly in crisis across all of Scotland’s public services.
“There are clearly major and systematic problems within our education system that the SNP simply refuses to acknowledge or take action on.
“John Swinney insisted there were no issues concerning the drop in pass rates, but this snuck-out report proves him wrong.
“His continuous ‘nothing to see here approach’ is simply untenable.
“The SNP is failing an entire generation of our children and our once world-leading education system is increasingly losing the faith of parents, pupils and teachers.”
‘Drivers of change’
A total of 1,515 fewer pupils passed their Higher English exam – a reduction of 5.5% on the previous year and the lowest number since 2014.
Passes dropped by 8.8% – or 178 students – for those sitting Advanced Higher exams in the subject.
Higher maths saw the pass rate fall by 2.1% – the first decline since 2014 – while Higher history pass rates plunge by 14.6% overall and by 10% in A-C grades.
Advanced Higher maths saw the number of passes increase by 1.6%.
Sciences had total passes up 1.6% at a Higher level, with subjects including chemistry, physics, biology and human biology.
Those sitting the subjects at Advanced Higher – not including human biology – saw the number of passes fall by 14.1%, although there was a 13% reduction in those sitting the tests.
Speaking after the publication of the report, Education Secretary John Swinney said: “The Scottish government regularly monitors and analyses performance to inform decision-making.
“Taken together, this analysis demonstrates good progress in a number of areas and that it is challenging to identify significant drivers of change or to draw firm conclusions about some subjects due to small numbers of entries.
“The analysis has however identified areas that justify further exploration and highlight actions that have been agreed.
“My key areas of focus are to ensure that curriculum and assessment are aligned, how to better support professional learning and development, and maintaining a clear focus on enhancing learning and teaching.
“I will continue to do that in my regular discussions with partners on performance.”
In January this year, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon agreed to a wider inquiry into Scottish education after opposition MSPs united to demand one.
A study of the senior phase of schooling had already been ordered, but Holyrood voted to say this should be a “full review” of broader education.
SNP members opposed the move in the vote, but Ms Sturgeon said she would “abide by the decision of parliament”.
The motion passed also said there were “key weaknesses in some key aspects of Scotland’s school education” system.