The Russian President stressed that along with the navy and aviation forces, the role of ground forces was “immense” during a meeting with officials in Moscow on Thursday.
He said it was down to them to keep ground forces well-equipped and ready for battle.
“Our task is to provide them with the best arms, to equip them with modern technology and to significantly increase the combat potential,” said Mr Putin.
The Russian leader also said "the secure, stable and measured work of the whole military-industrial complex is imperative" in reaching the country’s military ambitions and that "the equipment that is sent to the troops must meet the quality and reliability requirements in full”.
Vladimir Putin is looking to boost his armed forces
Mr Putin also announced a new state arms programme, planned up to 2025, being developed and that “the volume of new arms in the army and navy must reach at least 70 per cent by 2020”.
He stressed the importance of autonomous systems in boosting the country’s defence.
“Another important and promising direction is the autonomous robotic systems,” he said.
“They are able to fundamentally change the entire arms system of the general-purpose forces. We need our own effective developments in this area as well."
Inside the Russian Army
Mon, January 9, 2017
A look inside the powerful Russian Army.
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Russian Marines show their individual combat skills during a public capability demonstration at the Luneta National Park in Metro Manila
The call to boost Russia’s military comes with it periodically releasing video footage of new technology being added to its inventory.
It released a video earlier this month of a new tank-launched missile system, the Tor, which is designed to take out enemy missiles.
The initiative to bolster forces comes as Poland welcomed 3,000 US troops and tanks this month in an attempt to counter Russian aggression in the region.
Russian military forces on parade in Moscow
The Polish government has welcomed the move and are confident Donald Trump will continue to support Nato allies following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, despite him calling it “obsolete” during his election campaign and calling for the US to rebuild relations with Russia.
Poland’s undersecretary of state for defence Tomasz Szatkowski said a boosted Nato presence was necessary with Russia “constantly increasing their defence budget”.
“[We’re seeing] overflights, deployments of nuclear-capable missiles towards our immediate neighbourhood,” he said.
“Very large exercises – when I speak about the very large exercises I mean over 100,000 troops next to our border, very aggressive language and last but not least aggressive actions in our vicinity – I mean Ukraine, the annexation of Crimea.”