MPs have rejected the government’s request for a three-day recess while the Conservatives stage their annual party conference.
They voted 306 to 289 to reject the motion asking for the Commons to adjourn until Thursday next week.
The Conservative Party conference is due to be held in Manchester from Sunday to Wednesday.
It comes after Parliament resumed on Wednesday, after the Supreme Court ruled its suspension was unlawful.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been urged to apologise after he said the best way to honour Jo Cox, the MP murdered during the EU referendum campaign, was to get “Brexit done”.
He was also criticised for calling the law aimed at blocking a no-deal Brexit the “surrender bill”.