Today Mr Abe told his parliament he would urge North Korea to abandon its nuclear missile programme and refrain from provocative actions.
The prime minister also announced he was considering response measures in case crisis erupts in the Korean Peninsula.
Here is a look at the historic relationship between Japan and North Korea
"We assume a series of responses in case of evacuees into Japan, such as protecting them, a process of landing, housing facilities and their management, and a screening whether our nation should protect them," Mr Abe said.
Historically Japan has invaded the Korea Peninsula multiple times throughout the centuries and has occupied Korea between 1910 and 1945.
The historical contention between the two countries seeped over into their relations with negative repercussions still having hold today.
As the region sits on the brink of armed conflict between the world’s major players, here is a look at the historic relationship between North Korea and Japan.
North Korea was declared a state in 1948 by soviet installed Kim Il-sung
North Korea – Japan history timeline
We assume a series of responses in case of evacuees into Japan, such as protecting them, a process of landing, housing facilities and their management
Shinzo Abe, Japanese Prime Minister
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1910 – The Japan-Korea Treaty of 1910 is signed and Japan annexes the Korean Peninsula into the Empire of Japan.
1931 – The Mukden Incident happens. Japanese military personnel stage a Chinese railway terrorist attack to launch an invasion on the Manchuria region of China. The collective events of the invasion are known today as the Manchurian crisis.
1945 – After the defeat of Japan in World War Two, the Japanese occupation of Korea and China ends. The USSR takes hold of the North of Korea with the US in the South.
1948 – Despite the United Nation’s efforts to host democratic elections, North Korea officially becomes a country with Kim Il-sung personally installed as its supreme leader by the Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin.
Forbidden photographs depict the true North Korean army
Wed, April 12, 2017
While tourists are able to visit North Korea as part of a controlled tour group, they are asked by their handlers to never take photographs of soldiers. These pictures taken by photographer Eric Lafforgue show the reality of military service in the secretive state
ERIC LAFFORGUE/EXCLUSIVEPIX MEDI
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Soldiers enjoy a ride at the funfair in Pyongyang
1950 – The Korean War breaks out when the North invades the South in a territorial land grab effort. The UN intervenes with the US spearheading the military response.
1953 – The war ends with an armistice signed and a demilitarised zone dividing the Korean Peninsula in half.
1955 – The General Association of Korean Residents in Japan is estbilished. With no diplomatic relations between the DPRK and Japan, the Association serves as an unofficial embassy for North Korea.
1970 – Japan Airlines Flight 351 is hijacked by members of the Japanese Communist League Red Army faction. 129 passengers and crew members are taken hostage and released. The Japanese Transport Minister is and taken to Pyongyang. The hijacker’s are motivated by defecting to North Korea.
The communists state tests its ballistic missiles by firing them into the Sea of Japan
1977 – A Japanese woman, Megumi Yokota, is abducted at the age of 13 and is forced to train North Korean spies.
1985 – North Korea joins the international Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, stopping the state from producing nuclear weapons.
1991 – North and South Korea both join the United Nations.
1993 – North Korea fires a medium range Rodong ballistic missile into the Sea of Japan.
The parents of the teenage girl Megumi Yokota – abducted to train North Korean spies
1997 – Japan contributes £21 million ($27 million) in aid relief as part of the UN’s World Food Programme.
1998 – A new missile is launched from North Korea, which flies over Japan and lands in the Pacific Ocean, demonstrating the nation’s new missile capabilities.
2002 – September – Japanese Prime Minster Junichiro Koizumi visits North Korea in an unprecedented move. North Korea uses the opportunity to admit to having abducted 13 Japanese citizens in the 70s and 80s.
2002 – October – Japan, South Korea and the US halt oil shipments to the communist state after it admits to secretly developing a uranium-based nuclear programme.
US Army soldiers prepare for WAR against North Korea
Fri, April 14, 2017
The US military's largest non-nuclear bomb killed dozens of Islamic State militants as it smashed their mountain hideouts, Afghan officials said April 14, ruling out any civilian casualties despite the weapon's destructive capacity. The GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast bomb dubbed the 'Mother Of All Bombs' hit IS positions in Achin district in eastern Nangarhar province
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2003 – North Korea withdraws from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
2006 – The first North Korean nuclear weapons test is conducted in an underground facility.
2016 – North Korea fires a KN-11 ballistic missile into the Sea of Japan.
North Korea has dropped its membership of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty
2017 – February – Another missile is fired into the Sea of Japan by the communist state.
2017 – March – Four ballistic missiles are fired into the Sea of Japan.
2017 – April – Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe warns Japan to be prepared for North Korean’s chemicals warfare capabilities.