A Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) delegation is meeting Prime Minister Theresa May, just hours before a no-confidence vote against the government.
The votes of the 10 DUP MPs will be crucial in backing Mrs May, who is expected to win the vote.
The DUP voted against Mrs May’s Brexit deal in Parliament on Tuesday.
Meanwhile, the Irish government has said it is activating plans for a no-deal Brexit into place, should the UK leave the EU with no deal.
The DUP has said the result of the Brexit vote has made a no-deal outcome more likely and has urged Mrs May to return to Brussels to seek concessions on the Irish border backstop.
The rejection of the deal by MPs has put the manner of the UK’s departure on 29 March in doubt.
The no-confidence vote is expected to be held at about 19:00 GMT.
Taoiseach (Irish prime minister) Leo Varadkar said he would do everything he could to avoid no deal, but had to ensure the Republic of Ireland was fully prepared.
“These are no longer contingency plans, they are being implemented,” he said.
The Irish government is to bring an “omnibus” piece of legislation to the Dáil (Irish parliament), which will cover no-deal planning for:
- Checks at ports and airports
- Customs, sanitary and phytosanitary checks (measures to protect humans, animals and plants from diseases, pests or contaminants)
- The supply of medicines
The government was not currently making plans for checks along the Irish border, Mr Varadkar told reporters in Dublin.
He warned businesses and other organisations to get their plans in place, if they were not already doing so.
‘Onus on Westminster’
Mr Varadkar said the “onus” was on Westminster to come up with an ultimate solution – but he still believed the current withdrawal deal was a good agreement.
“The ball is very much in Westminster’s court, now they need to come up with something they can get through Parliament,” he said.
“Over the coming weeks the government will continue to work with EU partners in a collective effort to conclude talks with the UK to get a deal.
“We’ve always said if the UK were to evolve from its red lines on the customs union and the single market, then the EU position could evolve also.”
The only long-term solution to the Irish border issue would have to come “not through goodwill but through an agreement” that the EU accepts, added the taoiseach.
Earlier on Wednesday, Mr Varadkar’s deputy Simon Coveney said the Republic of Ireland would not block a UK request to extend the Brexit deadline, as long as the UK has a workable plan to discuss.
Acute concerns in Dublin
Analysis by Jayne McCormack, BBC News NI political reporter
Dublin is playing this carefully.
The Irish government is reluctant to say anything that could further stoke tensions, but all the while acutely aware that time is running out.
It continues to ramp up no-deal preparations, including on key issues like transport and the supply of medicines.
The DUP says the scale of the defeat last night means the backstop cannot remain in the deal, but Irish thinking is unlikely to budge.
It is mindful of its often-repeated commitment to avoid the return of a hard Irish border, and has banked on the backstop being its insurance policy to ensure that.
Dublin will now be looking to its support network in Brussels to stand firm in the face of any political pressure from Westminster.
EU planning notices published last month said that in the event of no deal, every consignment of animal products (including food) coming into the EU from the UK would have to undergo checks “at the point of entry”.
It did not suggest that Ireland would be exempt from that.
On Monday, the UK prime minister said those EU plans made it “clear there will be no flexibility on border checks in no deal”.
“The Irish government will be expected to apply EU checks in full,” she added.
How have other NI parties reacted?
Sinn Féin leader Mary Lou McDonald said the Theresa May’s defeat over the Brexit deal reinforced the need for the Irish government to “stand firm” on the backstop.
Ulster Unionist leader Robin Swann said the government needed to “grab this process by the scruff of the neck and seek an extension to Article 50” – a law which triggered the process of Brexit.
SDLP leader Colum Eastwood has written to Mrs May asking her for a commitment not to renege on the backstop.
Mr Eastwood said the majority of people in Northern Ireland believed the backstop was the only way to protect the interests of all communities.
“This voice cannot be ignored,” he added.
Alliance leader Naomi Long said the scale of the prime minister’s defeat was “surprising” and the only way forward was another referendum.
What happens next?
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has tabled a no confidence motion in the government, which if successful, could trigger a general election.
MPs have been debating that throughout most of Wednesday, with a vote taking place at 19:00 GMT.
If the government wins the vote, Mrs May must return to Parliament on Monday 21 January to set out the way forward.