The politician insisted he will not be intimidated after an "absurd" complaint was made about him to party officials by Mr Corbyn's office.
The Bermondsey and Old Southwark MP wrote to the leader to raise concerns over the lack of briefings for MPs on Brexit and growing criticism of Labour's slow response in reacting to major news stories.
But he was then reported for "not raising questions with the line manager" to chief whip Nick Brown and general secretary Iain McNicol by office manager Karie Murphy.
The Bermondsey and Old Southwark MP said the "insinuation" was that he had been "having a go at party staff", but he accused Mr Corbyn's aides of trying to shut down critics.
GETTY• SKY NEWS
Neil Coyle blasted Jeremy Corbyn's leadership on Sky News
I’m getting told off for even daring to ask anything of the glorious leader
Mr Coyle told Sky News: “What I want to see from the leader of the Labour party and the team around him is that they are able to communicate to voters in a way that voters understand [and] care about on issues like crime, the NHS, social care, on education.
“I want to see those issues at the top of Labour’s agenda and instead there’s a weakness in that operation that I was trying to ask questions about and trying to see how it would be improved.
“Instead, I’m accused of harassing staff, when actually I’m going to the top of the line management tree, whatever you want to call it, and instead of getting answers to questions, I’m getting told off for even daring to ask anything of the glorious leader.”
He then blasted Mr Corbyn for losing to the Tories in the Copeland by-election and slumping in recent polls before highlighting a “blame” culture within the Labour party.
Corbyn looks crushed following by-election defeat Fri, February 24, 2017
Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn leaves his home following a humiliating blow by the Conservatives after snatching Copeland in a by-election victory. The struggling politician was talking on the day his party lost a by-election to the government, the first time this has happened in over 30 years.
Adam Gray / SWNS.com 1 of 10
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Jeremy Corbyn is seen at Savoy Place in London where the Labour leader was giving a speech on Brexit
Jeremy Corbyn's popularity has slumped in recent polls
The politician said: “Under Jeremy’s leadership we’ve lost Copeland and we’re doing poorly in the polls and instead of focussing on that and focussing on why that’s happening, what are the policy issues on education, on police, whatever it might be, that can turn that around.
“Instead, there’s always blame, always someone else to attack and a bit more infighting rather than addressing the real problem.”
It comes after recent polling found just 45 per cent of Labour supporters backed Mr Corbyn as the best prime minister for the country in a head-to-head choice between him and Theresa May, dropping to 14 per cent among all voters.
Previously addressing concerns about his leadership, Jeremy Corbyn said the media was “obsessed” by the issue.
Blasting an ITV News reporter, he said: “You’re obsessed with this question, utterly obsessed with it!
“We have a strong opposition in this country if you bothered to report what we were doing.”