John McCain said he didn't think the US sabotaged the missile
The medium-range rocket exploded about four or five seconds after it was launched from a base in the east coast city of Sinpo on Sunday, according to White House officials.
The failure has led to speculation that the missile was destroyed by a US cyber attack.
Senior Republican Senator John McCain, chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, was asked if he bought the claims of sabotage and if he thought the US had the technological capability.
As soon as military satellites watching Sinpo detected an imminent launch, a team at the National Security Agency would have got to work
Defence analyst Paul Beaver
"I don't think so, but I wouldn't rule it out," he told NBC News.
The rogue state has carried out numerous launches of short and medium-range missiles in recent years, with varying success, alongside five tests of nuclear bombs.
Kim Jong-un is suspected of ordering the test as a show of defiance
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Military officers visit the birthplace of North Korean founder Kim Il Sung, a day before the 105th anniversary of his birth, in Mangyongdae, just outside Pyongyang
It was reported in October that Mr Kim had ordered an investigation into a series of failed tests of the Musudan mid-range ballistic missile amid suspicion of foreign cyber interference.
Sir Malcolm Rifkind, the chairman of Parliament's Intelligence and Security Committee until 2015, said it was possible that the latest missile test either malfunctioned or was sabotaged by a US cyber attack.
He said: "There is a very strong belief that the US – through cyber methods – has been successful on several occasions in interrupting these sorts of tests and making them fail."
Malcolm Rifkind said it was possible that the missile test either malfunctioned or was sabotaged
The former Conservative foreign secretary said he did not know if such an attack had taken place on this occasion.
Defence analyst Paul Beaver told The Sun it is "perfectly feasible" the US caused the missile to explode.
"As soon as military satellites watching Sinpo detected an imminent launch, a team at the National Security Agency would have got to work.
"It's possible for them to have sent a signal directly to the missile from Maryland which effectively zapped it out of the sky."
The US is believed to have successfully deployed cyber warfare to interrupt adversaries' military activities in the past.
In 2010 a computer worm was found to have infected Iranian uranium enrichment facilities, causing major technical problems in its centrifuges that set the country's nuclear programme back years.
The malware, called Stuxnet, is suspected to have been created by Israel or the US, possibly in partnership.
In 2014 North Korea saw its internet network taken offline days after a major hack of computers at film studio Sony Pictures Entertainment.