Almost two dozen children have been referred for investigation as potential terrorist suspects
The statistics come after thousands of teachers, lecturers and local government workers were trained to spot the signs of radicalisation under the UK government's "Prevent" strategy.
New figures show that, since 2015, a total of 131 people were referred to authorities in Scotland, of whom 23 were under the age of 14. Four were students, tipped for investigation by university staff, while 16 were directly reported by teachers.
Police say the programme has stopped people travelling to the Middle East to take part in "jihad".
The force's head of "Prevent" strategy, Detective Chief Inspector Martin Black, said: "There are many good stories about those individuals whom we have stopped travelling to Syria and putting themselves at risk."
Since 2015 a total of 131 people have been referred to authorities in Scotland
However, teaching unions have dismissed the findings.
There are many good stories about those individuals whom we have stopped travelling to Syria
Detective Chief Inspector Martin Black
The General Secretary of the EIS, Larry Flanagan, said: "Scots councils have, by and large, not bought into the anti-Islam narrative that pervades Prevent in England.
"Teenagers have questions and they are not going to be able to discuss these questions in a supportive environment at school for fear of being reported. That closes down space for discussion – and that means there's a greater danger of radicalisation.
Get Quotes on Home Insurance
Four were students, tipped for investigation by university staff Homemade terror weapons Wed, February 10, 2016
Terror group Islamic State have gone to extreme lengths on their war against the World, designing and producing outrageous homemade weapons which can cause destruction on a large scale.
Twitter 1 of 18
Homemade ISIS explosives
"Prevent is not opposed by the EIS because of its ambition – it's opposed because of its cack-handed approach to a sensitive area."
Criticism of the scheme follows several high-profile incidents.
In Lancashire, a 10-year-old boy was reported to police by his school after writing that he lived in a "terrorist house", when he meant a "terraced house".
Meanwhile, a nursery in Luton threatened to report a four-year-old who drew pictures that they thought depicted his father making a "cooker bomb", but turned out to be his father cutting a cucumber.