He reluctantly stood down as skipper in January 2009 after advising the England and Wales Cricket Board that the team would not progress under then coach Peter Moores.
He was dropped – and subsequently reintegrated – after sending derogatory messages about Andrew Strauss to the visiting South African team during the summer of 2012 and then clashed with coach Andy Flower during the Ashes tour of 2013-14.
His England career ended for good in 2015 when Strauss – in his new role as director of England cricket at the ECB – said Pietersen was “not part of the plan” in terms of selection for that summer’s Ashes because of the “massive trust issue” between the two.
Kevin Pietersen clashed with Peter Moores
After handing over the Test and ODI captaincy to Michael Vaughan in 2003, the latter after a disastrous World Cup, Hussain carried on as a batsman until the following year.
He toured Bangladesh and Sri Lanka before helping England secure their first Test series win in the West Indies for 36 years with three-half centuries as they won the Wisden Trophy 3-0.
His final England match was in the first Test against New Zealand at Lord’s in 2004 where he scored an unbeaten 103, hitting the winning runs in a seven-wicket victory.
Alastair Cook has given up the England captaincy
SIR IAN BOTHAM
If any player has shown Cook the way to flourish after giving up the England captaincy then Botham is the best example.
Having resigned as England captain in 1981, he went on to write his name in English sporting history as the home series against Australia became known as Botham’s Ashes.
At Headingley he scored an unbeaten 149 in the second innings of the third Test as England went on to win by 18 runs.
Botham claimed five wickets for one run from 28 balls to win the fourth Test at Edgbaston and scored a century at Old Trafford before being named man of the series with 399 runs and 34 wickets as England triumphed 3-1.
Botham played for England until 1992.
England's top 10 overseas Test victories
Wed, December 30, 2015
Express Sport takes a look at England's 10 best overseas Test victories
Patrick Eagar via Getty Images
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England headed to Sydney with the 2010-11 Ashes in the bag but a series win was at stake. Hundreds from Alastair Cook, Ian Bell and Matt Prior set up a total of 644 before the seamers forced the tourists to an innings win
The Surrey stalwart took over as England captain in 1998 but was stood down the next year as an Ashes loss was followed by a flop at the World Cup.
He continued to combine middle-order batting with his duties as wicketkeeper and played on until 2003, scoring a century in his 100th Test in 2000.
He retained his England place and became England’s then most-capped Test player in 2002.
He sits second behind Cook in the all-time list with 133 caps. In his final innings for England at The Oval he scored 38 against South Africa, a match which the home side won.
Andrew Flintoff captained England during their 5-0 winter defeat to Australia
A hero of the 2005 Ashes-winning side, Flintoff had a mixed spell as skipper.
He gained plaudits for his leadership of an inexperienced England line-up in a drawn series in India in early 2006 but was then in charge for the 5-0 Ashes whitewash in 2006-07.
He was vice-captain at the 2007 World Cup following Michael Vaughan’s return from injury but his most memorable moment in that tournament was a drunken pedalo ride in the Caribbean.
He helped England regain the Ashes in his swansong England series in 2009.