Following the announcement there is no need to consult the Scottish Parliament over the triggering of Article 50, Ms Sturgeon and the SNP have voiced their disgust at the decision.
The decision, which was announced by the Supreme Court on Tuesday, has once again put the prospect of a fresh SNP bid to destroy the UK on the table.
Alex Salmond, the SNP’s foreign affairs spokesman, has made it clear the First Minister is ready to go to war over Brexit with Westminster.
Speaking to Sky News he said: “If at the end of the day they [the Tory Government] are not interested in consulting the Scottish Parliament… if they are not interested in the interests and views of Scotland then of course it makes an independence referendum, in Nicola Sturgeon’s words, very likely.
“As I have said a number of times: If Theresa May flings down the gauntlet, then Nicola Sturgeon will pick it up.”
Alex Salmond sounded off a Brexit warning
Reacting to the verdict from the Supreme Court today Ms Sturgeon said the Brexit process now raises “fundamental issues” for Scotland.
She said: "It is becoming clearer by the day that Scotland's voice is simply not being heard or listened to within the UK.
"The claims about Scotland being an equal partner are being exposed as nothing more than empty rhetoric and the very foundations of the devolution settlement that are supposed to protect our interests – such as the statutory embedding of the Sewel Convention – are being shown to be worthless.
"This raises fundamental issues above and beyond that of EU membership.
"Is Scotland content for our future to be dictated by an increasingly right-wing Westminster government with just one MP here – or is it better that we take our future into our own hands?
David Davis ruled out a second Scottish independence referendum
"It is becoming ever clearer that this is a choice that Scotland must make.”
But Ms Sturgeon was slapped down by Ruth Davidson, leader of the Conservatives in Scotland, who hit out at her “SNP stunts”.
The Tory MSP said: "The SNP tried to use this hearing to hold the rest of the UK to ransom. It has comprehensively failed to do so."
While she said "all parties should now respect the ruling that the court has given", Ms Davidson added that "typically Nicola Sturgeon has decided to ignore it by stating – even before the verdict was in – that she would still seek a separate vote at Holyrood".
Sturgeon's top moments
Fri, December 9, 2016
Scotland's First Minister Nicola Sturgeon in pictures.
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Nicola Sturgeon visits Glaxo Smith Kline.
If Theresa May flings down the gauntlet, then Nicola Sturgeon will pick it up
The Tory leader argued: "Whatever side people were on last year, Scotland wants to get on with the negotiations so we can start to leave the uncertainty of the last few years behind us.”
Brexit Secretary David Davis moved to rule out a second independence referendum, despite Ms Sturgeon’s aggressive rhetoric.
Mr Davis told the Commons he would not support another vote under any circumstances.
He said: “I take the view that somehow the British people didn’t know what they were doing first time round so they have got to get a chance to get the answer right is patronising, bluntly, and undemocratic and improper.”