The former first minister, who voted against granting Theresa May the power to start the process of taking the UK out of the European Union, also said Scotland should be allowed to remain in the single market.
The Government’s EU (Withdrawal) Bill cleared its first Parliamentary hurdle with the backing of 498 MPs on Wednesday evening, despite 114 MPs ignoring the will of the British people.
Despite Parliament only voting in line with the EU referendum result, Mr Salmond raged in defeat as he declared Mrs May did not have a mandate to take Scotland out of the union.
GETTY • BBC
Alex Salmond said the Tories should treat Scotland with more respect
He also said Nicola Sturgeon’s plea for the PM to allow Scotland to remain inside the single marketplace was a great compromise for the First Minister to make.
Speaking to the BBC, he said: “Scotland is a country, not a county, and it is entitled to national rights.
“Scotland voted overwhelmingly to Remain and in the polls, the majority for Remain is even higher in Scotland now.
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It is time for the Tory party to start treating the nation of Scotland with a bit of respect
The pro-EU politician also claimed Brussels chiefs had more sympathy with Scotland’s wish to remain part of the bloc, than they did for Mrs May's pursuit of a 'hard' Brexit.
Demanding Scotland be treated with more respect, Mr Salmond continued: “That is a huge compromise for Nicola Sturgeon to make.
"There is far far more sympathy and support across the European Continent for Scotland than there is for this Tory ‘hard’ Brexit.
“The First Minister, unlike the Prime Minister, has a democratic mandate from the Scottish people last year.
114 MPs ignored the will of the people and voted against trigger Article 50
“It is time for the Tory party to start treating the nation of Scotland with a bit of respect.”
In the historical vote, all but one Tory MP fell in line with Mrs May’s demand to respect the result of last year’s referendum as Ken Clarke stubbornly refused to support the rest of his party.
She said: “I was quite clear from about autumn and onwards that we needed a short, sharp build to trigger Article 50.
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Continued cooperation with the EU to tackle terrorism and international crime.
“That Parliament, to avoid a crisis in our democracy, needed to respect the democratic results from June 23.
“But of course, as many of us said, we’d really rather not have been in the situation of having this debate and having to pass this legislation.”
Mrs May is expected to reveal her “White Paper”, setting out details of her blueprint for the forthcoming Brexit negotiations, on Thursday.
The document will flesh out the 12 objectives set out in the Prime Minister’s Brexit speech last month.